The Salem County Greenkeepers Plan

The Importance of the Salem River Watershed

The Salem
Why is this
Sources of
Water Quality
Project-Phase I

The health of the Salem River Watershed impacts the vast natural resources of Salem County. This watershed provides critical habitat for many rare, threatened and endangered species. The Nationwide Rivers inventory for the National wild and Scenic Rivers Act lists 17 miles of the Salem River as an example an outstandingly remarkable values with benefits including scenic, recreational, geologic, fish and wildlife habitats. The Eastern half of the Salem River/Delaware Estuary watershed is in the Outer Coastal Plain and overlies the Kirkwood-Cohansey (kcas), the largest underground aquifer in the United States.  This aquifer does not have significant outcrop areas.  Water quality depends on conditions at the surface. The western half of the watershed is the inner coastal plain and sits over the Potomac Raritan Mahagothy (prma) underground aquifer, a critical water zone.  These aquifers are recharged by precipitation on intake areas. Due to heavy development in Camden County, the aquifer is now suffering from salt water intrusion.

Bedrock Aquifiers Located in the Salem River and Delaware Estuary Watersheds

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